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A sprain is an injury resulting from a stretch or tear in a ligament or muscle fibre. Ligaments are bands of fibrous tissues that connect the bones and bind the joints together. Sprains typically occur in the lower limbs, particularly the ankles. A strain is a mild sprain where there is no tear or rupture involved.
Ligament injuries can occur in a variety of ways:
The most common symptoms of a sprain include:
There are four steps to caring for a person who has a sprain:
To prevent these types of injuries from occurring, it is important to wear the proper gear when participating in certain activities and sports (ex: proper footwear and clothing). It is also strongly recommended that you warm up before exercising, remain hydrated during the activity and stretch afterwards.
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The patient information leaflets are provided by Vigilance Santé Inc. This content is for information purposes only and does not in any manner whatsoever replace the opinion or advice of your health care professional. Always consult a health care professional before making a decision about your medication or treatment.